The city of Shiraz is the provincial capital of Fars Province. It is located 919 km South of Tehran. It enjoys a moderate weather with regular seasons. The long history of this city has many historical and cultural places apart from nature, and scenery, which always attracted tourists. Persepolis, Naqsh Rustam and Pasargad the Capital of Cyrus the Great and Apadana (Hall) of Dariush are considered the most important historical monuments of this province. The Pars land was known to be the cradle of human civilization, birthplace of Achaemenian and Sassari Kingdoms, and the capital of the Persian Empire for many centuries. The region was the political and cultural focal point of ancient Iran.
One of the most glorious monuments in the world is Takht-e Jamshaid or Persepolis. The Terrace of Takht-e Jamshaid measures approx 135,000 square meters and is over 13 meters high. The site is declared a UNESCO World Heritage site. It was founded by Darius I in 518 BC and was added to by the subsequent kings over a period of about 150 years. Today this monument consists of the remains of several monumental buildings such as Gate of All Nations, Palace of 100 Columns, Palace of Darius, Xerxes’ Palace, Central Palace, and Apadana Palace. Persepolis was burned to the ground by Alexander in 330 BC.
Nasir al Mulk Mosque:
From the outside, Nasir al-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz seems like a fairly traditional resemblance to the rest of Iranian mosques in terms of architecture — but it’s hiding a gorgeously colorful secret. The interior of the mosque is nothing close to traditional, it actually defies the idea that historical structures might have been somewhat lacking in colors. Not only is its stained-glass windows richly colored, but its walls feature a beautiful and vibrantly colorful array of painted geometric tiles.
Nasir al-Mulk, who was one of the elite of Shiraz, is the founder of this mosque. The construction work of the mosque began in 1293 AH., and was finally terminated in 1305 AH. by Mohammad Hassan Me’mar and Mohammad Reza Kashi Paz Shirazi.
It dates back to the Zand Dynasty (1750-1794). This Bazaar is the center for selling handicrafts made in Fars Province. The Bazaar, houses a wide range of variety starting from silver and copper art work to carpets and klims made by different tribes and nomads that live in this region. Situated West to the bazaar is the famous Vakil Mosque. It covers an area of 8,660 square meters. On the two sides of the entrance gate of the mosque there are magnificent tile-works and arches.