The province of Yazd is one of the oldest provinces in Iran, and is located in Central Iran. This province hosts remarkable elements of cultural and historical heritage of the Iranian civilization. The city of Yazd, the provincial capital, is famous as the city of air traps. It is one of the oldest and typical desert cities in Iran, and the largest and most populated city in the province. The weather is hot and dry in the summer and cold in the winter, the uniqueness of Yazd’s architecture is due to the high mud brick walls, big yards with large pools, and tall wind towers on the roofs, used for ventilation and cooling. These towers can be seen on top of many historical monuments such as Jame Mosque, the Fire Temple, and Mosque of Amir Chakhmaq.
The Grand Mosque of Yazd province is one of the most beautiful historical monuments and unique tourist attractions in Central Iran. The Jame Mosque (Friday Mosque) which dates back to the 14th century, is located in the heart of Yazd city, and was once surrounded by schools, bazaars, libraries, bathhouses and other urban institutions, the remains of which can still be seen today.
The mosque is crowned with a magnificent dome decorated with turquoise and white geometric tiles and has a pair of exalted minarets considered to be the highest in all Iran. Vazeery Museum inside the mosque is an interesting museum showing some belongings of old Yazdies. It also gives a clue about the history of the city.
The old city:
There is a unique energy connected to the old city of Yazd, it has a whiff of a long gone era. The red mud brick-walled city is built in a way that resembles a labyrinth; inside the old city, one alley leads to the other. The houses were built in a primitive and simple way, which documents the architecture of that time. Almost all houses have beautiful, antique, wooden doors, and have the same color, which is light red.
Dowlat Abad Garden:
This place is a masterpiece of Iranian architecture, with its wind towers (Badgir), which is one of the distinctive features of the city of Yazd. There are other features in this house that has the classic Iranian architectural styles like; the garden with the long pool, the stained-glass windows and the beautiful dome-shaped ceilings. The palace was a residence of one of the most influential and wealthy men in Yazd, his name was the Great Khan.
Zoroastrian Fire Temple:
Yazd is considered the leading center for Zoroastrians in Iran. The Fire Temple which is 20 minutes walk from city center represents the beliefs of the Zoroastrians in a symbolic way. It is said that the fire inside the temple has been burning for 700 years, as it was brought from Fars Fire Temple. Some of the famous Zoroastrian festivals that are celebrated in Iran are; Naw Rus, Mehrgan, and Sadeh.